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29th International Conference on Cardiology and Cardiovascular Disease , will be organized around the theme “Outreaching the Rhythm for a Healthy Heart”
Cardio Care 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Cardio Care 2020
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Cardiology is a branch of medicine deals with disorders of the heart as well as parts of the circulatory system. Clinical Cardiology includes studies related to cardiac diseases such as congenital heart diseases, coronary artery disease, heart failure, cardiovascular heart disease, and their epidemiology and pathophysiology of the heart. The therapeutic procedures involving diagnosis and management of cardiac diseases like electrophysiology, cardiovascular devices, cardiac regeneration, cardiac medicine, cardiac surgery, and identification of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. Cardiovascular disease includes coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as angina and myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack). It's usually associated with a build-up of fatty deposits inside the arteries – known as atherosclerosis – and an increased risk of blood clots. It can also be associated with damage to arteries in organs such as the brain, heart, kidneys and eyes. Cardiovascular disease is a term that refers to more than one disease of the circulatory system including the heart and blood vessels, whether the blood vessels are affecting the lungs, the brain, kidneys or other parts of the body.
An arrhythmia is the irregularity with the rate or rhythm of your heartbeat. It means that your heart beats too quickly, too slowly or with an uneven pattern. If the heart beats faster than normal, it is so-called tachycardia. If the heart beats too slowly, it is so-called bradycardia. Another common type of arrhythmia is atrial fibrillation; here an irregular and fast heartbeat occurs. There are hundreds of different types of heart arrhythmias. The normal rhythm of the heart, so-called normal sinus rhythm, can be disturbed through failure of automaticity, such as sick sinus syndrome, or through overactivity, such as inappropriate sinus tachycardia. Several factors may affect your heart's rhythm, for example sudden heart attack, congenital heart defects, stress and smoking. Some elements or medications can also cause arrhythmias. In general, the seriousness of cardiac arrhythmias depends on the presence or absence of structural heart disease.
cardiovascular disease are the leading causes of mortality in many parts of the world and Cardio-oncology is the intersection of heart conditions in patients who have been treated for cancer. There are several reasons for both diseases occurring in the same patient. chemo-therapy in long-term survivors of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). The increase in diagnostic facilities makes the detection of heart disease and treatable cancer also more likely.
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A congenital heart defect is a problem with the structure of the heart which is present since birth. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defects. The defects can involve the walls of the heart, the valves of the heart, and the arteries and veins near the heart. They can disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart. Atherosclerosis is a condition that occurs when a substance called plaque builds up in the arteries’ walls. This build-up reduces the width of the arteries, making it difficult for blood to flow through. If a blood clot occurs, it can cease the blood flow. This can result in a heart attack or stroke. Some heart defects also exist in individuals due to birth defects.
A pediatric cardiologist is a pediatrician who has received extensive training in diagnosing and treating children's cardiac problems. Evaluation and treatment may begin with the fetus since heart problems can now be detected before birth and also responsible for the diagnosis of congenital heart defects, performing diagnostic procedures such as echocardiograms, cardiac catheterizations, and for the on-going management of the sequel of heart disease in infants, children and adolescents. The division is actively involved in research aimed at preventing both congenital and acquired heart disease in children. Congenital heart deficiency is unique from the types of heart diseases that are common among adults. Repairing hearts in small bodies todays an added challenge.
The term diabetic cardiovascular disease (DCD) refers to heart disease that develops in people who have diabetes which increases your risk of heart attack and clot-related stroke (cardiovascular events). Peripheral artery disease- a case in which your arteries narrow, reducing blood discharge to your arms and legs, also increases your risk of cardiovascular accident. Diabetes is a disease in which the body's blood glucose (sugar) level is too high and affects your body's ability to produce or use insulin. Normally, your body turns the food you eat into energy. Insulin is released to aid transport this energy to the cells. Insulin acts as a “key.”
Cardiac regeneration is reparative stem cells have the capability to restore function to damaged tissue by renewing cell growth in cardiac cells destroyed by heart disease or a rapidly evolving and controversial field of research. A decade ago, Stem cell-based therapies as considered as the clinical trials for cardiac regeneration. Now, bone marrow derived stem cells (BMCs), adult stem cells from adipose or cardiac tissue are used in current clinical studies with inconsistent results but the outcomes in terms of feasibility and safety are encouraging in cardiac regeneration. In future, myocardial regeneration, transplantation of stem or progenitor cells, stimulation of endogenous cardiac repair by pharmacological agents and Tissue engineering will play a major role in cardiac regeneration.
Sports Cardiology achieves heart screenings that detect potentially serious cardiovascular issues in young athletes. Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is the major reason of death in exercising young athletes and is most commonly set off by problems as structural heart disorders or electrical circuitry issues which are not commonly found during routine physical examinations. Most of the conditions that cause sudden cardiac death in young athletes are evaluated by an electrocardiogram (ECG), a non-invasive test which calculates the electrical activity of the heart.
Molecular and Cellular Cardiology is a new and fast-growing area of cardiovascular medicine that aims to apply molecular biology techniques for the mechanistic investigation, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease. As an emerging discipline, it has changed conceptual thinking of cardiovascular development, disease etiology and pathophysiology and advancing knowledge of the mechanisms responsible for both normal and diseased cardiovascular function.
Cardiovascular Engineering is a wide spectrum of research, from basic to transitive in all attributes of cardiovascular physiology and medical treatment. The distribution of research that utilizes engineering principles and methods to enhance basic knowledge and technological solutions related to cardiovascular system. Coverage ranges from subcellular to systems level topics, including other implantable medical devices such as hemodynamics, tissue biomechanics, functional imaging, surgical devices, electrical physiology, tissue engineeringand regenerative methods, diagnostic tools, transmission and delivery of biologics and biosensors.
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a non-surgical procedure used to treat narrowing (stenosis) of the coronary arteries of the heart found in coronary artery disease. After accessing the blood stream through the femoral or radial artery, the procedure uses coronary catheterization to visualize the blood vessels on X-ray imaging. After this, an interventional cardiologist can perform a coronary angioplasty, using a balloon catheter in which a deflated balloon is advanced into the obstructed artery and inflated to relieve the narrowing; certain devices such as stents can be deployed to keep the blood vessel open. Various other procedures can also be performed. When coronary artery disease causes chest pain or a heart attack, percutaneous coronary interventions, such as angioplasty alone or with a stent, can restore blood flow to your heart.
Advances in medicine means that if coronary heart disease (CHD) is detected at an early stage it can be treated successfully to extend the survival rate. Successful treatment is more likely if the disease is detected at its earliest stages. Our current research focuses on the early detection of CHD in order to halt or reverse the progress of the disease. The on-going research includes pioneering the use of heart scanning in the early diagnosis of heart disease in diabetics, Development of Nuclear Cardiology techniques for the detection of heart disease, Drug development and evaluation of treatments used in heart disease, Identification of novel biological markers to predict the presence of heart disease, Analysis of ethnic and socio-economic differences in heart disease risk.