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29th International Conference on Cardiology and Cardiovascular Disease , will be organized around the theme “Outreaching the Rhythm for a Healthy Heart”

Cardio Care 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Cardio Care 2020

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Cardiology is a branch of medicine deals with disorders of the heart as well as parts of the circulatory system. Clinical Cardiology includes studies related to cardiac diseases such as congenital heart diseases, coronary artery disease, heart failure, cardiovascular heart disease, and their epidemiology and pathophysiology of the heart. The therapeutic procedures involving diagnosis and management of cardiac diseases like electrophysiology, cardiovascular devices, cardiac regeneration, cardiac medicine, cardiac surgery, and identification of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. 

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. Cardiovascular disease includes coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as angina and myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack). It's usually associated with a build-up of fatty deposits inside the arteries – known as atherosclerosis – and an increased risk of blood clots. It can also be associated with damage to arteries in organs such as the brain, heart, kidneys and eyes. Cardiovascular disease is a term that refers to more than one disease of the circulatory system including the heart and blood vessels, whether the blood vessels are affecting the lungs, the brain, kidneys or other parts of the body.

Heart diseases are the disorders that affect the heart. Diseases under the heart diseases umbrella include blood vessel diseases, such as coronary artery disease, heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias), and heart defects i.e. congenital heart defectsRheumatic heart diseaseHypertensive heart diseaseIschemic heart disease, Hypertension etc.

Heart failure (HF) sometimes known as congestive heart failure is a common condition that develops after the heart muscle doesn't pump blood as well as it should. Heart failure occurs when the main pumping chambers of your heart (the ventricles) may become stiff and not fill properly between beats especially during increased activity or under stress. In addition, the heart muscle may become damaged or weakened and couldn’t relax properly to accommodate the flow of blood back from the lungs to the heart. The term “Heart failure” doesn’t mean that the heart has stopped its functions. However, heart failure is a serious condition that requires medical care.

Obesity increases the risk for heart disease and stroke. But it harms more than just the heart diagnosis and blood vessel system. It's also a major cause of gallstones, osteoarthritis and respiratory problems. In addition to weight gain is a frequent consequence of heart damaging lifestyle choices such as lack of exercise & a fat laden diet. Obesity is intimately intertwined with multiple health conditions that underlie cardiovascular disease including high blood pressure, diabetes, and abnormal blood cholesterol. Having diabetes or pre-diabetes puts one at increased risk for heart disease and stroke. One can lower its risk by keeping the blood glucose (also called blood sugar), hypertension and blood cholesterol close to the recommended target numbers the levels suggested by diabetes experts for good health. Stroke and coronary heart disease can be caused by the same problem atherosclerosis.

  • Diabetes Mellitus and Stroke
  • Abdominal Obesity
  • Vascular dementia
  • Abnormal cholesterol and high triglycerides
  • Hemorrhagic Strokes (Bleeds)
  • Metabolic syndrome

An arrhythmia is the irregularity with the rate or rhythm of your heartbeat. It means that your heart beats too quickly, too slowly or with an uneven pattern. If the heart beats faster than normal, it is so-called tachycardia. If the heart beats too slowly, it is so-called bradycardia. Another common type of arrhythmia is atrial fibrillation; here an irregular and fast heartbeat occurs. There are hundreds of different types of heart arrhythmias. The normal rhythm of the heart, so-called normal sinus rhythm, can be disturbed through failure of automaticity, such as sick sinus syndrome, or through overactivity, such as inappropriate sinus tachycardia. Several factors may affect your heart's rhythm, for example sudden heart attack, congenital heart defects, stress and smoking. Some elements or medications can also cause arrhythmias. In general, the seriousness of cardiac arrhythmias depends on the presence or absence of structural heart disease.

thoracic surgery is operated on the heart or great vessels by cardiac surgeons and it is the field of medicine involved in surgical treatment of organs inside the thorax. There are five types of \r\n 1) Open heart surgery

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\r\n 3) Heart transplant

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\r\n 5) Minimally invasive surgery

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cardiovascular disease are the leading causes of mortality in many parts of the world and Cardio-oncology is the intersection of heart conditions in patients who have been treated for cancer. There are several reasons for both diseases occurring in the same patient. chemo-therapy in long-term survivors of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). The increase in diagnostic facilities makes the detection of heart disease and treatable cancer also more likely.

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\r\n Platinum-Based Chemotherapy Agents\r\n

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  • \r\n Radiation-Induced Heart Disease
  • \r\n Targeting Tyrosine Kinases for Cancer Therapy
  • <li border-box;="" text-align:="" justify;\"="" style="text-align: justify;">\r\n Chemotherapy-related cardiac dysfunctions\r\n

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congenital heart defect is a problem with the structure of the heart which is present since birth. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defects. The defects can involve the walls of the heart, the valves of the heart, and the arteries and veins near the heart. They can disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart. Atherosclerosis is a condition that occurs when a substance called plaque builds up in the arteries’ walls. This build-up reduces the width of the arteries, making it difficult for blood to flow through. If a blood clot occurs, it can cease the blood flow. This can result in a heart attack or stroke. Some heart defects also exist in individuals due to birth defects.

Hypertensive heart disease is caused by the high blood pressure that affects the heart. The heart working under increased pressure leads to some other heart disorders. Hypertensive heart disease includes heart failure, thickening of the heart muscle, coronary artery disease, etc. In the absence of heart failure, hypertension, with or without enlargement of the heart (left ventricular hypertrophy) is usually symptomless. Hypertensive heart disease can cause serious health problems. It’s the leading cause of death from high blood pressure.

  • Coronary artery atherosclerosis.
  • Diastolic dysfunction due to other etiologies.
  • Athlete's heart (with LVH)
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
  • Congestive heart failure due to other etiologies.
  • Atrial fibrillation due to other etiologies.

pediatric cardiologist is a pediatrician who has received extensive training in diagnosing and treating children's cardiac problems. Evaluation and treatment may begin with the fetus since heart problems can now be detected before birth and also responsible for the diagnosis of congenital heart defects, performing diagnostic procedures such as echocardiograms, cardiac catheterizations, and for the on-going management of the sequel of heart disease in infants, children and adolescents. The division is actively involved in research aimed at preventing both congenital and acquired heart disease in children. Congenital heart deficiency is unique from the types of heart diseases that are common among adults. Repairing hearts in small bodies todays an added challenge.

The term diabetic cardiovascular disease (DCD) refers to heart disease that develops in people who have diabetes which increases your risk of heart attack and clot-related stroke (cardiovascular events). Peripheral artery disease- a case in which your arteries narrow, reducing blood discharge to your arms and legs, also increases your risk of cardiovascular accident. Diabetes is a disease in which the body's blood glucose (sugar) level is too high and affects your body's ability to produce or use insulin. Normally, your body turns the food you eat into energy. Insulin is released to aid transport this energy to the cells. Insulin acts as a “key.”

Cardiac regeneration is reparative stem cells have the capability to restore function to damaged tissue by renewing cell growth in cardiac cells destroyed by heart disease or a rapidly evolving and controversial field of research. A decade ago, Stem cell-based therapies as considered as the clinical trials for cardiac regeneration. Now, bone marrow derived stem cells (BMCs), adult stem cells from adipose or cardiac tissue are used in current clinical studies with inconsistent results but the outcomes in terms of feasibility and safety are encouraging in cardiac regeneration. In future, myocardial regeneration, transplantation of stem or progenitor cells, stimulation of endogenous cardiac repair by pharmacological agents and Tissue engineering will play a major role in cardiac regeneration.

Interventional cardiology is a chapter of cardiology that deals particularly with the catheter-based treatment of structural heart diseases. A huge number of procedures can be acted on the heart by catheterization. This most commonly includes the insertion of a sheath into the femoral artery (but, in practice, any large peripheral artery or vein) and cannulating the heart below X-ray visualization (usually fluoroscopy).

  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Angioplasty
  • Coronary Stents
  • Embolic protection
  • Percutaneous valve repair
  • Balloon valvuloplasty
  • Atherectomy

Cardiology rate of increase for women much slower than other areas. 29% of women did not receive any information about radiations.

Cardiovascular diseases continue to be the leading cause of death among women in the states. Sex-specific data focused on cardiovascular disease have been increasing steadily yet is not routinely collected nor translated into practice. This comprehensive review focuses on novel and unique aspects of cardiovascular health in women and sex differences as they relate to clinical practice in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cardiovascular disease.

  • Pregnancy-related disorders and CVD risk association
  • Persistence of weight gain after pregnancy
  • Radiation and chemotherapy for breast cancer
  • ASA in women with diabetes mellitus
  • Ischemic heart disease in women
  • Acute coronary syndromes in women

Sports Cardiology achieves heart screenings that detect potentially serious cardiovascular issues in young athletes. Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is the major reason of death in exercising young athletes and is most commonly set off by problems as structural heart disorders or electrical circuitry issues which are not commonly found during routine physical examinations. Most of the conditions that cause sudden cardiac death in young athletes are evaluated by an electrocardiogram (ECG), a non-invasive test which calculates the electrical activity of the heart.

Molecular and Cellular Cardiology is a new and fast-growing area of cardiovascular medicine that aims to apply molecular biology techniques for the mechanistic investigation, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease. As an emerging discipline, it has changed conceptual thinking of cardiovascular development, disease etiology and pathophysiology and advancing knowledge of the mechanisms responsible for both normal and diseased cardiovascular function.

Cardiovascular Engineering is a wide spectrum of research, from basic to transitive in all attributes of cardiovascular physiology and medical treatment. The distribution of research that utilizes engineering principles and methods to enhance basic knowledge and technological solutions related to cardiovascular system. Coverage ranges from subcellular to systems level topics, including other implantable medical devices such as hemodynamics, tissue biomechanics, functional imaging, surgical devices, electrical physiology, tissue engineeringand regenerative methods, diagnostic tools, transmission and delivery of biologics and biosensors.

Cardiovascular pharmacology is the main study of the effects of drugs on the entire cardiovascular system, which includes the heart and blood vessels. Cardiovascular Toxicology deals with the adverse effects on the heart or blood systems which result from exposure to toxic chemicals. It describes safety data of detrimental effects of new cardiovascular drugs. Pharmacology of vascular endothelium deals with modifications of endothelial cells and the vasculature play a crucial part in the pathogenesis of a wide range of the most dreadful of human diseases, as endothelial cells have the vital role of participating in the maintenance of patent and functional capillaries.

 

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a non-surgical procedure used to treat narrowing (stenosis) of the coronary arteries of the heart found in coronary artery disease. After accessing the blood stream through the femoral or radial artery, the procedure uses coronary catheterization to visualize the blood vessels on X-ray imaging. After this, an interventional cardiologist can perform a coronary angioplasty, using a balloon catheter in which a deflated balloon is advanced into the obstructed artery and inflated to relieve the narrowing; certain devices such as stents can be deployed to keep the blood vessel open. Various other procedures can also be performed.  When coronary artery disease causes chest pain or a heart attackpercutaneous coronary interventions, such as angioplasty alone or with a stent, can restore blood flow to your heart.

Cardiovascular pharmacology deals with the medication of cardiac diseases. The Cardiac Drugs are used to treat conditions of the related to heart or the circulatory or vascular biology Many categories of cardiovascular agents are available to treat the various cardiovascular conditions. The most commonly used sub-category drugs include Sodium, potassium, calcium channel blockers, ACE-inhibitors and Cardiac biomarkers. There are many types of cardiovascular drugs in the market that include Cardiac glycosides, anti-coagulants, anti-arrhythmic agents, anti-anginal agents and anti-hypertensive agents.

  • Drug-Induced Cardiac Toxicity
  • Novel Anti-Inflammatory Therapies for Atherosclerosis
  • Development of Novel Anti-Ischemic Agents
  • Beta Blockers Blocking
  • Cardiac Glycoside

Cardiac nursing is a registered nurse who specializes to work with patients who suffer from various conditions of the cardiovascular system. Cardiac nurses help to treat conditions such as unstable angina, cardiomyopathy, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction and cardiac dysrhythmia under the direction of a cardiologist. Cardiac nurses work in many different environments, including coronary care units (CCU), cardiac catheterization, intensive care units (ICU), operating theatres, cardiac rehabilitation centers, clinical research, cardiac surgery wards, cardiovascular intensive care units (CVICU) and cardiac medical wards.

  • Cardiac remodeling
  • Hemodynamic monitoring
  • Monitoring cardiac and vascular readings
  • Intensive hemodialysis

Advances in medicine means that if coronary heart disease (CHD) is detected at an early stage it can be treated successfully to extend the survival rate. Successful treatment is more likely if the disease is detected at its earliest stages. Our current research focuses on the early detection of CHD in order to halt or reverse the progress of the disease. The on-going research includes pioneering the use of heart scanning in the early diagnosis of heart disease in diabetics, Development of Nuclear Cardiology techniques for the detection of heart disease, Drug development and evaluation of treatments used in heart disease, Identification of novel biological markers to predict the presence of heart disease, Analysis of ethnic and socio-economic differences in heart disease risk.